The Toyota Prius XW10 is a compact hybrid car that was produced by Toyota between 1997 and 2003 in Japan. The XW10 divided into NHW10 and NHW11 counterpart, both of which represent the first generation Prius series. The Toyota Prius is the first mass-produced hybrid vehicle, and was released 2 years before other manufacturers. While NHW10 available only in Japan, and later be presented to the international market in September 2000 and NHW11. Toyota sold the first generation of about 123.000 Prius. Toyota’s XW10 series Prius is notable as the first car based on the Toyota MC platform.
Toyota Prius XW10 Planning and Concept
On January 16, 1992, the Toyota Motor Corporation announced the Earth Charter, a document outlining goals to develop and market low emission vehicles. In September 1993, Toyota R & D Executive Vice President Yoshirio Kimbara created the G21, the research committee for cars in the 21st century. On February 1, 1994, the first official team meeting G21 project happen. Determined by the goal G21 group is to create a car that is the way and the environment while retaining the benefits of modern cars. Development effort was led by Takehisa Yaegashi, who is also building a car that bridged the gap between electric and gasoline powered vehicles.
In 1994, Toyota executive Takeshi Uchiyamada was given the task of creating a new car that would be both fuel efficient and environment. By the end of 1994, the G21 team designed the concept car with a hybrid engine for the 1995 Tokyo Motor Show. Car “Prius,” the Latin word for “before” or “before.” It was shown on October 27, 1995 In late 1996, he began driving test.
After reviewing the design of hybrid than 100, the engineering team settled on the design of a hybrid engine, based on a 1974 TRW patent, but many of the problems of technology and engineering had to be solved within three years of the team was to bring the Japanese car market, the goal is to narrow achieved since the first Prius went on sale in December 1997 the main problem was the longevity of the battery, which had to be kept between 7 and 10. Solution engineers came up with was to keep the battery between 60% and 40%, proving to be a “sweet” to extend battery life to about this in other parts of the car. Toyota spokesman said, “Toyota chose this name because the Prius car is the predecessor of cars to come.”
Toyota Prius XW10 Market
The Toyota Prius XW10 originally produced at the plant Takakoa, but later moved to the Tsutsumi plant in Toyota City, Japan.
Toyota Prius XW10 Domestic Model
The first toyota Prius, model NHW10, went on sale on December 10, 1997, there was only in Japan, although we have imported privately to at least the Australia, United Kingdom and New Zealand. Most of these vehicles are now being exported as second-hand cars in New Zealand and other countries. In New Zealand, there is a report that the high voltage battery failure is common among the gray imports of the NHW10, which is not supported by the official distributors outside of Japan. To handle the voltage between the battery and electric motor, the Semiconductor core inverter unit was modeled on the heavy-duty transistors used in the Shinkansen bullet train. The first production model NHW10 Toyota Prius was rolled out Takoka Toyota factory in Toyota City, Aichi near Nagoya on December 1997, followed by the start of two years of sales Japan.
As uncovered by engineers for testing, NHW10 Prius was in danger and reduced the tropics and the upper lakes; As a result, early examples include instrument-panel warning indicator should hybrid system to be in danger of shutting down. This measure, designed in the shape of a turtle, which was used until 1999. The first generation Prius, at its launch, became the first mass-produced gasoline-electric hybrid car of the world. Japan sales goals of 12,000 units annually, at a price of $ 16,929 each car. It, and analysts estimate that the first generation Prius costs as much as $ 32,000 to produce, which means that each model NHW10 sold at a loss. Introduction car served as Toyota’s efforts to launch for a new generation of vehicles ‘green’ is aimed at reducing air pollution and increasing fuel efficiency. Toyota initially forecasted that hybrids will account for a third of the world’s auto market back in 2005. The Toyota Prius NHW10 styling originated from California designers, who were selected over competing designs from other Toyota design studios.
Toyota Prius XW10 Export Model
The 2001-2003 model year Prius for market in the United States (NHW11) was powered by a 1.5-liter Atkinson cycle four-cylinder gasoline engine, permanent magnet AC electric motor, and the 274 volt nickel hydride metal (Ni-MH) battery pack . Engine fuel developed 70 hp (52 kW) and 82 ft · lbf (111 N · m) of torque. The electric motors built to a maximum of 44 hp (33 kW) and 258 ft · lbf (350 N · m) of torque. The Toyota Prius NHW11 became more powerful partly to satisfy the higher speeds and long distances that North Americans are driving. Air conditioning as standard equipment.
The second hybrid vehicle mass-produced on the American market, after two-seat Honda Insight. While larger Toyota Prius could 5 seat, its battery pack restricted cargo space. Inside the car featured dash-mounted shift lever, and the small touch screen with a hybrid powertrain display. This feature showed the operation about the interplay between vehicle gasoline engine, battery pack, and electric motors, and may show a bar graph of fuel economy results.
In the United States, the NHW11 was the first Prius to be sold. The Prius was marketed between smaller Echo and the larger Corolla. The published retail price car was $ 19,995. The California Air Resources Board (Carb) described the car as an Ultra Low Emission Vehicle (Lev). At one time, the Prius owners were eligible for up to remove tax $ 2,000 from their gross income. Unlike before NHW10 model, Toyota officials claimed that the company broke even financially on sales of the Toyota Prius NHW11.
European sales in September 2000, the official launch of Prius in Australia occurred in 2001 after the 2001 Sydney Motor Show, although sales were slow until the model NHW20. In 2006, Toyota recalled about 8,500 2001 and 2002 model year Prius vehicles because of incorrectly manufactured crankshaft position sensor. In 2009, after being investigated by the California Air Resources Board, Toyota extended nation-wide campaign for the owners of the MY 2001-2003 Prius for the start of the problems caused by the body not to throttle that led to the electronic control module malfunction.