The Toyota PriuPlug-in Hybrid (or Toyota Prius PHV) is a plug-in the mid-size hybrid electric car manufactured by Toyota Motor Corporation. The Prius PHV is based on the third generation Toyota Prius (model ZVW30) to 4.4 kWh lithium-ion co-developed with Panasonic, which enable all-electric high-speed operation and long distances than the conventional Prius hybrid. The production version of the monument in September 2011 Frankfurt Motor Show.
The Toyota Prius plug-in is a list of all-electric mode is 11 Mi-related (18 km) as measured in U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (Epa), has a list of expected total of 540 miles (870 km), and the highest electricity but the speed of 62 Mph (100 km / h). According to the Toyota Prius, the plug-in is expected to be rated in Europe at 112 mpg-US (2.10 L / 100 km; 135 mpg-imp) equivalent, with CO2 emissions of 49 g / km. The Epa fuel economy rating is 95 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent (mpg-e) (2.5 L / 100 km; 114 mpg-imp) in all-electric mode and a combined city / highway rating of 50 mpg-US (4.7 L / km 100; 60 mpg-imp) hybrid mode, the same as the regular Prius liftback.
Global demonstration program involving 600 pre-production test cars began in late 2009 and took place in Japan, Europe, Canada, China, Australia, New Zealand and the United States. Delivery of the model began production in Japan in January 2012, and in February at the end of the United States, where the first car was available in only 14 states. Deliveries to Europe began in late June 2012. As of June 2014, the Prius about 60,000 PHVs have been sold worldwide, and the United States as the leading market with units 34,138 delivered, followed by Japan with 15,400 units sold until December 2013, and nearly 8,900 units sold in Europe through June 2014 in the Netherlands is the leading European market with 3,923 units sold through June 2014 The Prius plug-in Hybrid ranked as the second most sold plug-in electric car in 2012, and, as of June 2014, it is the third world’s best selling plug the other car electric, Nissan leaf and family volt / Ampera.
Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid Concept
The Prius Plug-In Concept was exhibited in September 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show, the October 2009 Tokyo Motor Show, and in December 2009 LA Auto Show. After the show a concept version of these three exhibitions, in December 2009, Toyota officially announced the launch of the production model in Japan in the following six months.
Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid Drivetrain
Builders Prius Plug-in has a number of key changes demonstration units that were deployed in the field for testing based on that experience and customer feedback. Production version has two major modifications demonstration vehicle to improve efficiency. First, Toyota decided to include a selectable electric drive mode (EV mode), which allows drivers to conserve energy for use in areas where EV mode is improved, such as city driving. Builders Prius PHV also has the ability to direct the regenerative braking energy of the battery electric vehicle, rather than the regular hybrid battery system, thus providing a more in EV mode.
The Prius Plug-in Hybrid uses the Hybrid Synergy Drive of the standard Prius model, and skills improvement that includes a 4.4 kWh lithium-ion battery that significantly expands the range of all-electric, as compared to the regular Prius, and fully rechargeable from a domestic source. Hybrid system includes a 1.8-liter DOHC 16-valve VVT-i petrol engine that develops 98 horsepower (73 kW) @ 5200 rpm, and 105 LB-ft (142 N · m) @ 4000 rpm, a third-generation hybrid transaxle, power control unit (PCU), and the charging system on-board. The system uses two engines and high-output electric, a 60 kW (80 hp) unit (MG2) operates primarily on the strength of compact, lightweight transaxle, and another small motor (MG1) is rated at 42 kW (56 hp) works as the electric power source for the reconstruction of the battery as well as a starter for the engine fuel.
Maximum motor-drive voltage is 650 volts DC. After electric driving range is exhausted, the switches and plug-in hybrid operation at a state pre-determined in terms of battery charge (SOC) and operates as a conventional hybrid filled with the same efficiency of a standard Prius. Net hybrid system output is 134 BHP, allowing Toyota Prius Plug-in to accelerate from 0 to 62 Mph (0 to 100 km / h) in 10.7 seconds and reach on top speed of 112 Mph (180 km / h). Maximum speed in EV mode is 62 Mph (100 km / h). With a weight of about 1,420 kg (3,130 LB), a version of the plug-in is only 50 kg (110 LB) heavier than the regular Prius.
The Prius Plug-in has three drive modes, all-electric (EV), and two hybrid methods: Eco and Power. EV mode is user-selectable and when running in this mode hybrid engine control unit (ECU) operates a car using only the larger motor-generator (MG2) if pre-determined limits are satisfied, such as state sufficient battery charge (SOC) and vehicle speed in EV mode range. Eco mode is designed to maximize fuel savings for any driving conditions, and modifies or smoothes out the electronic throttle control to reduce throttle response, reduce the opening of the throttle maximum of 11.6%, and also modifies the implementation of the air conditioning. As an additional benefit, Eco mode improves performance in low-traction for a reduced output helps reduce wheel skidding as those caused by ice and snow. Power mode increases throttle response in the range of the center than usual.
Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid Fuel Economy
According to the Toyota Prius, the plug-in is expected to be rated at 112 mpg-US (2.10 L / 100 km; 135 mpg-imp) and CO2 emissions of 49 g / km under the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC). Official average fuel economy Epa is 95 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent (mpg-e) (2.5 L / 100 km; 114 mpg-imp) in all-electric mode and combined city / highway rating of 50 mpg-US (4.7 L / km 100; 60 mpg-imp) hybrid mode, the same as the third generation Prius liftback. Overall combined city / highway average gasoline-electric fuel economy Epa is 58 mpg-US (4.1 L / 100 km; 70 mpg-imp) equivalent (mpg-e), with 59 mpg-US (4.0 L / 100 km; 71 mpg -world) is equivalent to the city and 56 mpg-US (4.2 L / 100 km; 67 mpg-imp) is equivalent to the high road. The general gasoline-electric combined fuel economy rating of 58 mpg in is the same rating Ford C-Max Energi and Ford Fusion Energi, which all three PHEVs fuel vehicles most successful midsize class Epa’s.
Based on the Japanese JC08 test cycle, the Prius PHV fuel efficiency is 61.0 km / L (143 mpg-US, 1.64 L / 100 km), calculated from the combined all-electric (EV) and hybrid (HV) to drive a ways, and just 38 g / km of CO2 emissions. The electric power consumption rate is 8.74 km / kWh. After the battery has been depleted, the HV mode fuel efficiency is 31.6 km / L (74.3 mpg U.S., 3.16 L / 100 km). Based on the dimensions of the US Epa, the Prius plug-in requires 29 kWh plus 0.2 liters for 100 miles in EV mode 50 miles per gallon hybrid mode. This means that we need 32.2 kWh and 100 miles per in pure electric mode, which is slightly more efficient than the Nissan Leaf (34 kWh to 100 miles each) or Chevrolet volt (36 kWh to 100 miles per).
Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid Safety
In the United States the Prius Plug-in includes Toyota’s Vehicle Proximity Notification System (amp;), which is designed to alert pedestrians, the blind, and the others in the car because of the significant noise reduction typical hybrid car traveling at lower speeds in EV mode. This type of warning device certified by the Pedestrian Safety Enhancement Act of 2010 sounds a warning is generated by the speakers mounted outside only at speeds below about 15 Mph (24 km / h) it activates automatically. Tone varies the speed of the vehicle to give pedestrians a sense of whether the Prius is fast accelerating or decelerating.
Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid Markets and Sales
Initial global sales Toyota’s goal was to sell more than 60,000 Prius PHV year, and Japan as the main market and is aiming for 40,000 units, of the two global sales goal of the carmaker’s. During its first year on the market, a total of 27,181 Prius PHVs sold around the world, ranking as the second most sold plug-in electric car in 2012 As of December 2013, the Prius Plug-in Hybrid is the third best selling plug the -in car electric, after the Nissan Leaf and the family of volt/Ampera.
Sales in 2012 were led by the United States and units 12,750 delivered by December 2012, followed by Japan with units 9,500 sold through October 2012, and Europe with 3,496 units sold through December 2012.-2012, the Prius PHV was the best selling electric car plug- Sweden (units 499) and Selling plug-in hybrid in the UK (470 units), France (413 units), and Norway (171 units). On trading in the European market in the Netherlands, with 1,184 units sold during 2012.