The Cadillac CTS-V is a version of the Cadillac CTS. The Cadillac CTS-V series includes three body styles, all of which have a pushrod OHV V-8 engine and a sport suspension. The Cadillac CTS-V Sedan 4-door was introduced in 2004, and sport wagon and Cadillac CTS-V Coupe was introduced in 2010 for the 2011 model year sedan competes in the consumer market of North America against other luxury sedans high performance and “echoes” of its quality, but it is a more affordable option than competitors like the Audi RS6, BMW M5 and the Mercedes E63 AMG.
Cadillac CTS-V First Generation (2004-2007)
The first generation Cadillac CTS-V is based on the same rear-wheel drive GM Sigma platform base model such as Cadillac CTS. The use of a V8 engine requires a unique cradle of different database engine CTS V6. Larger stabilizer bars and larger dampers are also added. The spring rate increased significantly. The 2006-2007 update also included a stronger rear differential and axle shaft design. Front and rear treatments also include mesh grilles on the front openings, track ready suspension and tires 18 × 8.5 inch inside P245 / 45R18 Goodyear Eagle F1 Supercar run-flat tires Z-rated. Brakes were 13.97 in (355 mm) rotors in front, with 14.37 in (365 mm) rotors at the rear – each with four-piston Brembo calipers in the front and rear wheels. In addition, GM badges were added in 2006. For the models performance enthusiasts, a package of high-performance suspension (FG2 RPO) was available as a dealer installed option.
The Cadillac CTS Sedan is enhanced with GM Performance Parts as a GM LS V8 engine generation Chevrolet Corvette C5 Z06 and Tremec six-speed manual transmission Corvette Z06. The “small block” V8 design is a descendant of the original Chevrolet V8 Ed Cole, which premiered in the fall of 1954 for 1955 model year, and has been in continuous production for installation in various vehicles of General Motors since. Between 2004 and 2005, the CTS-V comes with the LS6 engine OHV pushrod 5.7 L that produces 400 horsepower (298 kW) at 6,000 rpm and 395 foot-pounds of torque at 4,800 rpm. The 5 lbs·ft torque reduction Cadillac CTS-V vs the LS6 used in the C5 Z06 was due to the exhaust manifold needed to be used in the Cadillac CTS-V.
From 2006-2007, the previous LS6 engine was replaced by the new LS2 6.0 L OHV engine as used in the base 2005 Chevrolet Corvette. The LS2 engine was rated at the same 400 horsepower (298 kW) at 6,000 rpm with peak torque of 395 lb ft (536 N · m) at 4400 rpm. While both engines offer the same specifications of HP and torque, the benefit of the LS2 was a broader torque band, due to the larger displacement offered. The only transmission available was the six-speed manual Tremec T56. The transmission uses shift break feature to conserve fuel during light loads by preventing drivers to use the second and third gears, and a flywheel dual mass to reduce the “rattle” under unloaded conditions . The rear axle was a limited slip unit Getrag IRS with 3.73: 1.
General Motors establishes a 0-60 mph time of 4.6 seconds for the first generation Cadillac CTS-V, with the quarter mile in 13.1 seconds estimated time to 109 mph, forward to a stated maximum speed of 163 mph. The 14 inch diameter Brembo brakes can stop the vehicle from 60 mph in 110 feet. The first generation CTS-V also recorded a lap time of 8 minutes 19 seconds on the famous Nurburgring Nordschleife in Germany, competition with rivals like the BMW M5, Mercedes-Benz C55 AMG and Lexus IS-F.
Cadillac CTS-V Second Generation (2008-2014)
The second generation Cadillac CTS-V is based on the new GM Sigma platform II. The platform of the rear-wheel-drive is the basis for the 2008 to present the basic model Cadillac CTS with the Cadillac CTS-V shares most of the body. The suspension features coil springs front and rear. The front suspension is a provision in the control arm, while the rear is an independent multilink suspension. To improve handling and comfort, the CTS-V 2009 uses the technology MagneRide BWI Group. Cushions filled with magnetorheological liquid is adjusted based on sensor readings occurring at 1 ms intervals. The sedan has disc brakes on all four wheels similar to the first generation. The front brakes were increased in size to 14.96 in (380 mm) vented Brembo six-piston fixed calipers discs. The rear brakes are 14.37 in (365 mm) vented rotors with four-piston. The board is sensitive to speed auxiliary hydraulic rack and pinion. The steering ratio is 16.1: 1. Size of tires are 255 / 40ZR19 19 × 9.5 inches front and rear and front wheels and 285 / 35ZR19 rear 19 × 9.0 inches.
The engine in the 2009 Cadillac CTS-V is a 6.2 L OHV supercharged LSA V-8 engine, based on the LS9 V-8 Chevrolet Corvette C6 ZR1. It produces 556 horsepower (415 kW) and 551 lbs · ft (747 Nm) of torque. The option of using an overhead valve (OHV) agreement is unique in the market of luxury performance sedan where competitors typically use camshaft (DOHC) engine dual. The engine is produced in the engine assembly plant GM Silao, Mexico. The LSA engine has a bore and stroke of 4.06 × 3.62 inches (103.25 x 92.0 mm). The engine block is cast aluminum alloy 319-T5 with liners of cast iron.
The crankshaft is forged steel connecting rods using metal powder. Pistons are high hypereutectic aluminum silicon alloy forged replace the aluminum used in LS9 engine. The compression ratio is 9.1: 1, the cylinder heads based on the Corvette LS3 heads and type cast aluminum alloy 356-T6. The exhaust manifolds are cast iron. The compressor unit is a four-lobe Roots-type twin displacing is 1.9 L. Eaton twin vortices Series (TVS) generating a pulse maximum 9.0 psi. Intake air is cooled with a water-air exchanger built directly into the unit supercharger. There are options of manual and automatic transmission. The manual is a Tremec TR-6060 six-speed shifter with a short-throw, double disc clutch and dual mass flywheel. Automatic 6L90 is a change from conventional paddle six-speed automatic.
Cadillac CTS-V Reception
Motor Trend magazine has run three comparison tests involving first CTS-V vs. the RS4, then against the BMW M5 (July), and the Jaguar XF-R (October) with the CTS-V for victory against the M5 and Jaguar marginally but lose the Audi. Another comparison that involves the Mercedes E63 AMG, was established in January, the CTS-V lost to the E63 AMG based on the E63 be more refined, more crisp. In testing the CTS-V 2009 against similarly priced Mercedes-Benz C63 and BMW M3 with the CTS-V gain in nearly all (26 November 2008). Road and Track tested the CTS-V 2009 Jaguar XFR against the June 10, 2009 with the Cadillac win. Car and Driver tested the CTS-V 2009 Jaguar XFR against 2010 and 2010 Mercedes E63 AMG in November 2009, losing to the Mercedes.
Top Gear track (US) tested the 2011 CTS-V Coupe (1: 27.4) and 2011 CTS-V wagon (1: 27.2) around the track with The Stig at the wheel, defeating sports cars like the Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG and the Lotus Evora, with the Season 2 episode 6 titled “The Challenge $ 500.” The CTS-V Wagon also beat the Ferrari California in an informal race speed in the same episode. The CTS-V was recognized throughout the comparison test as the most affordable car for several thousand dollars against all other high performance cars.
Cadillac CTS-V Awards
The 2009 Cadillac CTS-V was added to the Car and Driver 10 Best Cars list.
Cadillac CTS-V Motorsports
The Cadillac CTS-V in 2011 at Road Atlanta. The Cadillac CTS-Vis raced in SCCA World Challenge series. The Cadillac CTS-V sedan raced first generation, 2004-2007, winning the manufacturer’s championship in 2005 and 2007. From 2011 the second generation V competed as a coupe, Cadillac manufacturer winning championships back to back in 2012 and 2013 . The 2011 coupe race car is built by Pratt & Miller.