The Buick LeSabre is a full-size, made by the Buick division of General Motors from 1959 to 2005. For many years, the Buick LeSabre was considered the entry level is full-size Buick carrying the lowest base price in the Buick lineup. Before 1959, this position has been held by the full-size Buick Special model 1959 the Buick LeSabre replaced the Special a nameplate that was reintroduced in 1961 for the Buick line of compact cars. The name originated with a 1951 Buick Le Sabre show car designed by Harley Earl.
The Buick LeSabreis debut at the 1951 Buick LeSabre Car Show, who introduced the world to design elements inspired-aircraft such as the wraparound windshield and tail fins. A V8 for the Buick LeSabre (5.00L) which originated in 1953. In 1959 LeSabre became the new moniker for what was formerly known as the Buick Special. The Buick LeSabre offer a full line of body styles except between 1965-1969 when its station wagon variant of reduced full-size Buick in offerings. In 1977 the Buick LeSabre be downsized along with other GM full-size models and was available only in pillared coupe sedan and the wagon body styles.
In addition to being a Buick entry-level vehicle, the LeSabre was consistently Buick ‘s best selling full-size car is. The the four nameplates introduced in 1959, the Buick LeSabre nameplate lasted the longest. From 1959-1961, the Buick LeSabre was powered by a 364 cubic inch V8, which was less than the 401 cubic inch V8 used in the more expensive models Invicta and Electra. The 364, previously used in all Buicks in 1957 and 1958 is rated at 250 horsepower (190 kW) in standard form with ” economy ” 235 horsepower (175 kW) version offered as a “no cost ” option in 1960-61 version and optional power-pack with four carburetors-barrel and dual exhausts and rated at 300 horsepower (220 kW). For 1962-63, the LeSabre came standard with two versions-of the barrel carbureted 401 V8 rated at 280 horsepower (210 kW), or no cost-” economy ” version low-graduated compression at 260 horsepower (190 kW).
Starting in 1964, all LeSabre models except the Estate Wagon shared their drivetrains with the mid size Buick models by switching to those models ‘ smaller V8s-displacement at least as standard equipment for the next few years with displacements cubic inches 300 (1964-65), 340 (1966-1967) 350 (1968-1976). A large-displacement would not reappear in a LeSabre until 1970 when a 455 cubic-inch V8 was introduced as an option offered through 1976. Starting with the 1977 models make less and continues through three subsequent generations LeSabres front-drive introduced in 1986, 1992 and 2000, in 3.8-liter (231 cubic inch) V6 Buick engine will become the standard for the most LeSabre models and V8 engines were dropped (except in station wagons) after the last of the rear-drive LeSabre sedans and coupes come off the line in 1985.
Buick LeSabre First Generation
Lessor and all other 1959 Buicks don’t only have new names, but all-new styling as well, adopting the B-and C-body used on all new GM cars, full-size of the corporation (the C-body larger used in the Electra as well as the Oldsmobile 98 and all Cadillacs basically a B-extended body rather than a specific organization and frame for 1959-60). Wheelbases increased by one inch on all models. The style includes new front lights along with a one-sided mesh, square chrome somewhat similar to 1958 Buick and fins ” Delta-wing ” back along with round taillights.
While Invicta and Electra/225 models powered by a V8 401-cubic inch Buick LeSabre continued with the 364-cubic-inch V8 previously used in all Buicks in 1957 and 1958. In standard form the engine delivered 250 horsepower with carburetor two-barrel and 10.25 to 1 compression ratio. Optionally available in four versions-the barrel 364 horsepower rating of 300. A manual transmission three-speed is standard on Buick LeSabre, but most cars are built with Dynaflow two-speed automatic transmission was optional and standard equipment on the Invicta and Electra/225. Three-speed ” Triple Turbine ” Dynaflow variant is also available. Power steering and power brakes are optional and all 1959 Buicks used the finned aluminum brake drums 12-inch unique to better stopping power was originally submitted in 1957 Roadmaster.
Buick LeSabre Second generation
The Buick LeSabreand all other full-sized Buicks will be completely re-styling for 1961 includes non-ending rear wing, more subtle use of chrome and boxier sheet metal. Wheelbases stay 123 inches (3,100 mm), but there are a few new makes smaller in length and width, and riding on a chassis X-new frame which contained conventional rear axle and drive shaft torque tube replaces the decades-old. Inside are revised instrument panels keep the speedometer ” Mirrormatic ” trims and new upholstery. Station wagons received the whole interior-vinyl as standard, in combination with the interior cloth regularly available as an option.
Machinery unchanged from previous years, including the 250-horsepower V8 364-cubic-inch standard, no cost regular fuel 235-364 horsepower or four-barrel option 300-horsepower of one engine is available at an additional cost. The two turbine Drive-speed automatic transmission is standard equipment on Dynaflow LeSabres and all Buicks full-size other this year, although a manual transmission is also available.
Buick LeSabre Third Generation
Buick LeSabre and Buicks full-size of other fully re-styling for the 1965 model year, including bloodlines more rounded profiles Coke-bottle with rooflines width-Fastback two-door hardtop coupes on. Wheelbases stay 123 inches (3,100 mm), but a new perimeter frame shared with GM cars B-where another body in the frame ” X ” used since 1961. Styles body unchanged from 1964 except for the station wagon, was dropped in favor of the intermediate Special-based Buick Sport Wagon extends that included roof and rear glass skylight over the rear seat is raised similar to the Oldsmobile Vista Cruiser..
Starting in 1965, the Buick LeSabre is available in two trim levels, the base LeSabre and the LeSabre Custom, which included a more plush interior trim and also includes the convertible body style is not available in the line Buick LeSabrere base. Interiors were also new for 1965 include a revised instrument panel with two dials for the speedometer and other instruments along much like the 1963-64 models along with conditioning controls heating/air new.
Drivetrains unchanged from 1964 to 250-horsepower two-barrel carbureted V8 300-cubic inch the standard powerplant on all models with three-speed manual transmission or a manual standard four-or two optional speed-speed Super Turbine 300 automatic. Available at extra cost with a new package Buick LeSabre was the 250-horsepower V8 300-cubic inch with four Carburetion butt and 10.25 to 1 compression, which required premium fuel, compared to the two-machine-butt was standard uses regular fuel. The Buick LeSabre package also includes 400 of the more desirable Super Turbine “400” automatic transmission three-speed is also available in Wildcat-higher priced in Buick, Buick Electra 225 and Buick Riviera models.