Alfa Romeo Spider
The Alfa Romeo Spider is a roadster produced by the Italian manufacturer Alfa Romeo from 1966 to 1993. Widely regarded as a design classic , it remained in production for almost three decades with minor cosmetic and mechanical changes. The first three series were assembled by Pininfarina in Grugliasco and the fourth series in San Giorgio Canavese. The last Spider was produced in April 1993 was also the last rear wheel drive Alfa Romeo produced before Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione was introduced. May 23 , 2012, Fiat announced that it forged an agreement to develop a new platform based Spider Mazda 2015 Mazda MX- 5. The transaction was completed on January 18, 2013.
The first presentation of the car, as a prototype , was in the Turin Motor Show in 1961. However, the continued success of existing models and economic challenges Italy at the time meant that the first production Spiders began to pre- publish the Pininfarina production line only at the end of 1965. Alfa Romeo Spider is based on the chassis of the 105 series Giulia Spider was launched at the 36th Geneva Motor Show in March 1966. Unnamed at launch , they chose the name ” Duetto ” a writing contest in Italy. The Italian company Pininfarina was responsible for the design of the body, in fact, the Duetto was the last project founder Battista ” Pinin ” Farina was personally associated. Martinengo Franco was the Director of Pininfarina design at the time. Pininfarina is also responsible for the construction of the vehicle body. The engine was a 1570 cc variant of the Alfa Romeo twin cam four have double side two bodies Weber – draft carburetors and produced 109 horsepower. Poorly fitted inside but including five speed manual transmission , disc brakes and independent front suspension , the introductory price in Italy was 2,195,000 lire. In the United States the car was sold for $ 3,950. In the UK the price of the car was near a Jaguar E -Type.
In 1970, he introduced the first significant change to the exterior design of the 1750 Spider Veloce , with distinctive tail original elongated round tail changed to a more conventional cut, called the ” Kamm tail”, as well as improving the space for luggage. Many other small changes took place inside and outside , as a slightly different grille, new door handles windshield more steeply raked , top hinged pedals and a better finish. 1971 saw the Spider Veloce get a new large power plant – a 1962 cc , 132 hp unit – hence the name was changed from 1750 to 2000 Spider Veloce Spider Veloce. 1600 Spider restarted production a year later as the Spider 1600 Junior , and was visually identical to the 1300.
1974 saw the introduction, application of scarce factory Spider- Targa. On the basis of the spider, who had a solid rear Porsche style and remove the ceiling panels , all fiber material of black glass. Less than 2,000 models of this type ever made , and it is the only solid part roof Spider until the introduction of the factory designed hardtop.
Alfa Romeo Spider Series 3 was previewed in North America for the 1982 model year with the introduction of 2.0 liter Bosch electronic fuel injection to replace the SPICA mechanical injection. The spider style underwent a major reform in 1983, which saw the introduction of the front and rear bumper in black rubber. The front bumper incorporated the grille and a small soft rubber spoiler was added to the trunk lid. The change alters the appearance of the car considerably and was not universally welcomed by fans. There were also several other minor mechanical and cosmetic changes , and 1600 cars (not available in U.S. ) dropped the name “Junior”.
The Quadrifoglio Verde model was introduced in 1986 , with many cosmetic adjustments, including side skirts, mirrors, new front and rear spoilers , hard rubber trunk spoiler with integrated third brake light , unique alloys removable 15 ” hardtop. optional mounted different interior finishes include carpet red blood cells and gray leather seats with red stitching QV are available in three colors.. red , silver and black was otherwise mechanically identical to the standard spider Veloce model , with a cam 1962 cc twin cam engine four-cylinder manual five-speed transmission.
The last major change in the spider came in 1990. The main mechanical change was that the spider was given Bosch Motronic electronic fuel injection with an electric fan. Externally , the Spider lost its front under spoiler and rear trunk lid spoiler and rear lights took 164 style extends over the entire width of the vehicle , as well as plastic bumpers the same color as the car. It also marked the first generation of this car with automatic transmission.
In North America , the style changes do not appear until the 1991 model year , the 1990 models featured the Motronic fuel injection but retained the black bumpers. Director , great knee strengthening and driver side airbag also appeared as standard for North American spiders on the market that were available in two configurations Spider and Spider Veloce. Significant differences in standard equipment: Veloce leather seats base model substituted vinyl , 15 ” alloy wheels are a larger than standard steel wheels with covers and air conditioning are standard canvas roof.
The production of spider originally completed in 1993. New Alfa Spider arrived one year later. A limited edition Spider Commemorative Edition was produced for the North American market in 1993 and was badged as a 1994 model. Each of the 190 Spider EC imported into the United States had a small plaque on the dashboard that identified among the 190 cars it was. CES differed from previous Spiders had a special badge on the nose, a badge script “CE” in the ” Spider Veloce ” badge on the tail, Covers the unique gold wheels 15 ” phonedial ” “, and burl wood interior. finishes Each model came with a leather portfolio , numbered keychain , and documentation. follow 008276-008.460 cars VIN sequence , but it does not seem to be any systematic order numbering. seems that all 1994 spider commemorative editions were produced in May 1993.